Have you ever wondered what diseases are associated with aging? Disease is not something limited only to the elderly. Of course there are healthcare and medical insurance plans that cover people from all age groups. Similarly, even infants and teenagers catch diseases, some of which often prove to be fatal. However, despite all this, there are various health problems associated with old age. there are a number of diseases associated with growing older. Often, we call these the side-effects of aging.
Who are Elderly?
It is an accepted fact all over the world that people with above 65 are known as “elderly”. This group is naturally considered to be very vulnerable to different health problems. That is why, discussing senior healthcare Arizona plans is very important not only due to the burden it gives to the caretakers, also because of its impact on society. Aging is a natural process, one day we all will fall in the same category. So, by understanding senior healthcare Arizona plans, we help ourselves as well as the society we live in.
How is Aging associated with Health
One of the major problems about the disease associated with age is that we cannot tell specifically as to at what age would some particular disease or health condition affect a person. This is mainly due to the difference between the chronological and biological age. Similarly, the physical activities and diet of a person also plays a major role. A person who is in his 40s but doesn’t exercise, has a drinking problem, and doesn’t take care of their diet might have organs that function like that of a 60 year old. Similarly, someone in their 60s who takes a healthy diet and have a healthy lifestyle might be in a better physical shape than those, who are younger than them in terms of chronological age.
Problems associated with Old Age
With the process of aging, certain biological, physiological, and chemical changes occur in our body. These changes naturally affect the functioning of almost all major organs in our body. These results in various diseases and conditions associated with aging.
The most commonly known disease is Alzheimer’s which is a form of dementia. This disease commonly affect our cognitive functions. Common symptoms include impaired reasoning and memory dysfunction. However, it is important to note here that occasional instances of forgetting something are normal, and not a sign of Alzheimer’s disease.
Another system that gets affected with old age is the respiratory system. As you age you have a reduced ability to cough out mucus and other foreign particles from the respiratory system due to poor of damaged lungs. This condition can be very serious if the person happens to be a regular smoker. This can lead to increased risk of infection and bronchospasm.
Muscles and Bones
Age also affects our physical strength as the muscle mass and strength declines with age. This results due to the bones becoming brittle and joints experience wear and tear over time. Strength of ligament and tendon also reduces significantly. Our bones also suffer from problems such osteoporosis because bones start weakening once we turn 40. This problem can be seen more commonly among women.
Another bone problem associated with age is osteoarthritis. In this, the protective cartilage at the ends of the bones wears down, increasing friction and causing pain. This also affects our movement and ability to perform day to day physical tasks. This disease is also very common among the elderly.
However, with proper treatment, adequate intake of calcium and vitamin D, and physical exercise, the osteoporosis can be tackled easily. One must frequently visit a doctor and get regular bone density scans for optimum results.
Reduced Functioning of Tissues
As we grow older, our tissues become less sensitive to the hormones that regulate their function. Apart from these, the hormones themselves are also affected and the blood levels in them change. This affects the regulation of sex hormones. In females, it results in reduced estrogen synthesis, increased risk of osteoporosis and vaginal dryness. Similarly in males, it generally results in erectile dysfunction.
Our overall metabolism slows down, and the cholesterol and fat problems become more common.
Eyesight and Hearing
When we talk about common diseases among the old people, eyesight and hearing are among the first ones that come to our mind. When we turn 40, our eyesight starts weakening. This starts from presbyopia or far-sightedness which is the inability to see close objects. As we turn 60, cloudy areas also begin to form in our eye’s lens, which causes blurry vision. Moreover, our hearing also begins to declines.
However, by using glasses and hearing aids, we can overcome these problems to a great extent.
Lack of Nutrients
As we age, our sensation of thirst and hunger decreases. This results in dehydration as we do not feel thirsty even when our body requires water. Moreover, our digestive system also weakens which results in malabsorption of carbohydrates, vitamins (B12 and D), folic acid, calcium and proteins. This lack of hydration, and poor absorption of the required minerals and nutrients results in an imbalance of electrolyte in our bodies. Malnutrition is also a common problem.
Apart from all these, various others problems, such as prediabetes, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and weight loss can also affect the elderly. That is why, it is important to have a reliable senior healthcare Arizona plans provider, especially if you live in Arizona to ensure that your elderly get the attention and care that they deserve. Although the aging process cannot be reversed, with proper care and a healthy lifestyle, you can delay the aging effects of your loved ones and help them live a happy life.